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Why are women living longer than men?

Wilford Tufnell (2022-04-22)


Everywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. What's the reason women have a longer life span than men? And why is this difference growing as time passes? There is only limited evidence and ماذا يحدث بين الزوجين في الحمام بالصور the evidence isn't sufficient to draw an informed conclusion. While we are aware that there are behavioral, biological and environmental variables which all play a part in the longevity of women over men, we do not know the extent to which each factor plays a role.

In spite of the precise weight, we know that a large portion of the reason why women live so much longer than men do today however not as previously, has to relate to the fact that a number of significant non-biological elements have changed. These factors are changing. Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Others are more complicated. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for ماذا يحدث بين الزوجين في الحمام بالصور men and women. As you can see, every country is above the diagonal line of parity - this means in all countries a newborn girl can expect to live for longer than a new boy.1

It is interesting to note that, while the advantage for women is present everywhere, country-specific differences are huge. In Russia women live 10 years longer than men, while in Bhutan the gap is less than half a year.

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In rich countries the female advantage in longevity was not as great.
Let's examine how the female longevity advantage has changed in the course of time. The chart below illustrates the gender-based and female-specific life expectancy when they were born in the US in the years 1790-2014. Two specific points stand out.

The first is that there is an upward trend. as well as women in the US live a lot, much longer today than a century ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

The gap is growing: Although the advantage of women in life expectancy was extremely small but it has risen significantly in the past.

If you select the option "Change country from the chart, you can determine if these two points are also applicable to the other countries with available data: Sweden, France and the UK.1 year ago