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Why are women living longer than men?

Ava Scutt (2022-04-22)


Everywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. What is the reason women live longer than men and how have these advantages gotten bigger in the past? There is only limited evidence and اوضاع الجماع the evidence isn't sufficient to draw an unambiguous conclusion. We are aware that behavioral, biological and environmental factors all play a role in the fact that women are healthier than men; However, we're not sure what the contribution of each one of these factors is.

In spite of how much amount of weight, we are aware that at least a portion of the reason women live longer than men however not as previously, is to do with the fact that several key non-biological factors have changed. The factors changing are numerous. Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Some are more complex. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. We can see that all countries are above the line of parity diagonally. This implies that a baby girl from any country can expect to live longer than her brothers.

It is interesting to note that, اوضاع الجماع while the advantage for women is present everywhere, country-specific differences are huge. In Russia women have an average of 10 years more than men. In Bhutan the difference is just half one year.

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The female advantage in life expectancy was less in rich countries that it is today.
Let's take a look at how the female longevity advantage has changed over time. The next chart shows male and female life expectancies at birth in the US from 1790 to 2014. Two areas stand out.

The first is that there is an upward trend: Men and women in the US live a lot, much longer today than a century ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

The gap is increasing: While the female advantage in life expectancy was once quite small but it has risen significantly over time.

You can confirm that these points are also applicable to other countries with data by clicking on the "Change country" option in the chart. This includes the UK, France, and Sweden.