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Why are women living longer than men?

Analisa Wingfield (2022-04-22)

Everywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. Why do women live much longer than men today and افضل كريم للشعر how have these advantages gotten bigger in the past? The evidence is sketchy and we only have incomplete answers. We know there are behavioral, biological as well as environmental factors which play a significant role in women who live longer than men, we do not know what percentage each factor plays in.

We know that women are living longer than men, regardless of their weight. However, this is not because of certain biological factors have changed. These are the factors that are changing. Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Others are more complex. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and افضل كريم للشعر women. As you can see, all countries are above the diagonal line of parity - this means in all countries a newborn girl can expect to live for longer than a new boy.1

The chart above shows that although the female advantage exists everywhere, the difference between countries is huge. In Russia women live 10 years more than men. In Bhutan, the difference is less that half a year.

The female advantage in terms of life expectancy was lower in rich countries as compared to the present.
Let's look at the way that female advantages in life expectancy has changed over time. The next chart plots male and female life expectancies when they were born in the US over the period 1790-2014. Two distinct points stand out.

First, there is an upward trend. Men and women in America live longer than they were a century ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

The gap is growing: Although the advantage of women in life expectancy was quite small however, it has grown significantly over time.

3 years agoBy selecting 'Change Country in the chart, you are able to confirm that the two points are applicable to other countries that have available information: Sweden, France and the UK.