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Why do women have longer lives than men?

Tawanna Cates (2022-04-22)


Everywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. What is the reason women live longer than men in the present and how does this benefit increase over time? There is only limited evidence and the evidence is not sufficient to support an absolute conclusion. We know that biological, behavioral and environmental factors all play a role in the fact that women have longer life spans than men, however, we aren't sure what the contribution of each of these factors is.

We have learned that women are living longer than men, كيفية ممارسة العلاقة الزوجية فى الاسلام regardless of weight. But this isn't due to the fact that certain biological or non-biological factors have changed. What are these new factors? Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Other are more complicated. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. It is clear that every country is over the diagonal line of parity. This implies that a baby girl in every country can expect to live longer than her younger brother.

The chart below shows that while there is a female advantage throughout the world, the differences between countries can be substantial. In Russia women live 10 years longer than men, while in Bhutan the difference is less than half a year.

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In the richer countries, the advantage of women in longevity was not as great.
Let's see how the female longevity advantage has changed in the course of time. The following chart shows the gender-based and female-specific life expectancy at birth in the US from 1790 to 2014. Two points stand out.

First, there is an upward trend. Men and كيفية ممارسة العلاقة الزوجية فى الاسلام women in the United States live longer than they did 100 years ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

The gap is growing: Although the advantage of women in terms of life expectancy was extremely small however, it has grown significantly with time.

When you click on the option "Change country in the chart, you can verify that these two points also apply to the other countries having available data: Sweden, France and the UK.SAXENDA_300x300.png?v=1591158962