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Why are women living longer than men?

Jett Alvarado (2022-04-21)

Everywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. What is the reason women are more likely to live longer than men? Why has this advantage gotten larger as time passes? There isn't much evidence and we're only able to provide some solutions. We are aware that behavioral, biological and environmental factors play a role in the fact that women live longer than men; but we don't know exactly how strong the relative contribution of each one of these factors is.

1867-3.jpgIn spite of the number of pounds, ابر التخسيس we know that at a minimum, the reason women live so much longer than men do today but not in the past, has to do with the fact that several important non-biological aspects have changed. These are the factors that are changing. Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. There are other issues that are more intricate. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ابر التخسيس ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. It is clear that every country is over the diagonal line of parity. This implies that a baby girl from every country could anticipate to live longer than her brother.

This chart is interesting in that it shows that although the female advantage exists everywhere, the difference between countries is huge. In Russia women live 10 years longer than men, while in Bhutan the difference is less than half one year.

In the richer countries, the advantage of women in longevity was previously smaller.
Let's see how the female longevity advantage has changed over time. The following chart shows male and female life expectancies when they were born in the US between 1790 and 2014. Two points stand out.

The first is that there is an upward trend. Women and men in the United States live longer than they were 100 years ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

The gap is growing: Although the female advantage in terms of life expectancy was extremely small however, it has grown significantly in the past.

You can verify that these are applicable to other countries with data by clicking the "Change country" option in the chart. This includes the UK, France, and Sweden.