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Why are women living longer than men?

Jetta Tedesco (2022-04-21)

\u062a\u062d\u0627\u0645\u064a\u0644 \u062c\u064a\u0646\u0648 \u062f\u0643\u062a\u0627\u0631\u064a\u0646 : \u062a\u062d\u0627\u0645\u064a\u0644 \u0645\u0647\u0628\u0644\u064a\u0629 \u0644\u0644\u0627\u0644\u062a\u0647\u0627\u0628\u0627\u062a | Chart ...Everywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. What's the reason why women have a longer life span than men? And why does this benefit increase over time? The evidence is limited and we have only limited solutions. We recognize that biological, behavioral and environmental factors contribute to the fact that women are healthier than men; However, we're not sure how strong the relative contribution of each one of these factors is.

In spite of the precise weight, we know that at least a portion of the reason women live so much longer than men in the present, but not previously, has to relate to the fact that certain important non-biological aspects have changed. These are the factors that are changing. Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. There are other issues that are more intricate. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and كيفية إقامة علاقة بالصور;, women. It is clear that every country is above the line of parity diagonally. This means that a newborn girl in all countries can anticipate to live longer than her older brother.

It is interesting to note that while the female advantage exists in all countries, country-specific differences are huge. In Russia women live 10 years longer than males. In Bhutan the difference is just half a year.

In countries with high incomes, the longevity advantage for women was previously smaller.
Let's look at how the female advantage in terms of longevity has changed over time. The next chart shows male and female life expectancy at birth in the US over the period 1790-2014. Two things stand out.

The first is that there is an upward trend. as well as women in the US live much, much longer than they did a century ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

And second, there is an increasing gap: The female advantage in life expectancy used to be extremely small however, it has increased significantly during the last century.

Using the option 'Change country in the chart, you will be able to confirm that the two points are also applicable to other countries with available data: Sweden, France and the UK.