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Why women live longer than men?

Ava Scutt (2022-04-20)

9342866588.jpgEverywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. What's the main reason women have a longer life span than men? And why has this advantage gotten larger in the past? The evidence isn't conclusive and we're only able to provide some solutions. We know that biological, behavioral and environmental factors contribute to the fact that women have longer life spans than men, However, we're not sure how significant the impact of each of these factors is.

We have learned that women are living longer than males, regardless of weight. However, this is not due to the fact that certain non-biological factors have changed. What are the factors that are changing? Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Some are more complex. For كيفية ممارسة العلاقة الزوجية فى الاسلام example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. It is clear that all countries are above the line of parity diagonally. This implies that a baby girl from any country can expect to live longer than her younger brother.

It is interesting to note that although the female advantage exists across all countries, the global differences are significant. In Russia women live 10 years more than men. In Bhutan the gap is just half a year.

In the richer countries, the advantage of women in longevity used to be smaller
Let's now look at the way that female advantages in longevity has changed with time. The chart below illustrates the male and كيفية ممارسة العلاقة الزوجية فى الاسلام female life expectancies at the birth in the US during the period 1790-2014. Two areas stand out.

There is an upward trend. Women and men in the United States live longer than they were 100 years ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

The gap is growing: Although the advantage of women in terms of life expectancy was extremely small however, it has grown significantly in the past.

You can check if the points you've listed are applicable to other countries with data by clicking the "Change country" option on the chart. This includes the UK, France, and Sweden.