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Why do women live longer than men?

Leandro Tilton (2022-04-20)


Everywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. What's the main reason women live longer than men? And how the advantage has grown as time passes? The evidence is limited and we're left with only incomplete answers. Although we know that there are behavioral, biological as well as environmental factors that play an integral role in women's longevity more than males, we aren't sure how much each factor contributes.

We know that women live longer than men, regardless of weight. But this is not due to the fact that certain non-biological aspects have changed. What are these changing factors? Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Some are more complex. For كيفية ممارسة العلاقة الزوجية فى الاسلام example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and كيفية ممارسة العلاقة الزوجية فى الاسلام - Glorynote.com - women. We can see that every country is over the line of parity diagonally. This means that a newborn girl from every country could anticipate to live longer than her younger brother.

This graph shows that although women have an advantage in all countries, the differences across countries are often significant. In Russia, women live 10 years longer than males. In Bhutan the gap is just half a year.

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In rich countries the advantage of women in longevity was previously smaller.
Let's take a look at how the female longevity advantage has changed in the course of time. The next chart plots male and female life expectancy when they were born in the US from 1790 to 2014. Two points stand out.

There is an upward trend. as well as women in the US have a much longer life span longer today than a century ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

Second, there's a widening gap: The female advantage in terms of life expectancy used be quite small, but it grew substantially in the past century.

It is possible to verify that the points you've listed are applicable to other countries that have information by clicking on the "Change country" option on the chart. This includes the UK, France, and Sweden.1397031219470420214305624.jpg