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Why do women live longer than men?

Winfred Paling (2022-04-20)

Everywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. What's the reason women are more likely to live longer than men? And how the advantage has grown over time? The evidence is limited and تحاميل مهبلية we only have some answers. We know that biological, تحاميل مهبلية behavioral and environmental factors all play a role in the fact that women have longer lives than men, however, we aren't sure how significant the impact to each of these variables is.

In spite of how much number of pounds, we know that at a minimum, the reason women live so much longer than men and not in the past, is to have to do with the fact that several important non-biological aspects have changed. These variables are evolving. Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Certain are more complicated. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

\u0627\u0644\u0639\u0627\u0628 \u0632\u0648\u062c\u064a\u0629 \u062a\u062c\u0646\u0646 \u0644\u062a\u062c\u062f\u064a\u062f \u0627\u0644\u0639\u0644\u0627\u0642\u0629 \u0627\u0644\u0632\u0648\u062c\u064a\u0629 \u2013 Shopzat lingerieEverywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. We can see that all countries are above the diagonal parity line - which means that in every country that a baby girl can be expected to live longer than a new boy.1

The chart above shows that the advantage of women exists in all countries, country-specific differences are huge. In Russia, women live 10 years longer than men. In Bhutan there is a difference of only half a year.

The advantage women had in life expectancy was less in countries with higher incomes than it is today.
Let's look at how the female advantage in longevity has changed with time. The chart below illustrates the men and women's life expectancies at birth in the US during the period 1790 to 2014. Two distinct features stand out.

First, there is an upward trend. Women and men living in America are living longer than they used to a century ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

The gap is getting wider: Although the female advantage in terms of life expectancy was quite small, it has increased substantially in the past.

When you click on the option "Change country' on the chart, you are able to verify that these two points are also applicable to other countries with available information: Sweden, France and the UK.