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Why women are more likely to live longer than men?

Lona Talbott (2022-04-20)

7269-9.jpgEverywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. What makes women live much longer than men today and why has this advantage increased in the past? The evidence isn't conclusive and we're only able to provide limited solutions. Although we know that there are biological, psychological as well as environmental factors which all play a part in women who live longer than men, we don't know the extent to which each factor اضيق وضعية للجماع plays a role.

In spite of the weight, we know that at least part of the reason why women live so much longer than men today but not in the past, is to relate to the fact that a number of important non-biological aspects have changed. What are the factors that are changing? Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Other are more complicated. For example, اضيق وضعية للجماع there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. We can see that all countries are above the diagonal parity line - it means that in all nations baby girls can expect to live longer than a newborn boy.1

This chart shows that, although there is a women's advantage throughout the world, the differences between countries are often significant. In Russia women live for 10 years longer than males. In Bhutan, the difference is just half a year.

In rich countries the women's advantage in longevity was smaller
Let's look at how female longevity advantage has changed in the course of time. The next chart shows the male and female lifespans when they were born in the US during the time period between 1790 and 2014. Two points stand out.

First, there is an upward trend. Men and women in America have longer lives than they did a century ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

The gap is widening: While the advantage of women in terms of life expectancy was very small It has significantly increased over time.

You can confirm that these are applicable to other countries with data by clicking on the "Change country" option in the chart. This includes the UK, France, and Sweden.