Комментарии читателей

Why women are more likely to live longer than men?

Cassandra Benoit (2022-04-20)

Everywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. What's the main reason women live longer than men? What is the reason has this advantage gotten larger as time passes? We only have a few clues and the evidence is not sufficient to support a definitive conclusion. We know that biological, behavioral and environmental factors all play a role in the fact that women have longer lives than men, However, we're not sure how much the influence of each of these factors is.

In spite of the precise amount, we can say that at a minimum, the reason why women live longer than men today however not as in the past, has to have to do with the fact that several fundamental non-biological factors have changed. These variables are evolving. Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Certain are more complicated. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, كيفية ممارسة العلاقة الزوجية فى الاسلام ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. As we can see, every country is above the diagonal parity line - this means that in all countries a newborn girl can expect to live longer than a newborn boy.1

The chart below shows that although women have an advantage throughout the world, the differences between countries could be significant. In Russia women live 10 years more than males. In Bhutan there is a difference of less than half a calendar year.

The advantage of women in terms of life expectancy was lower in countries with higher incomes than it is today.
We will now examine how the female advantage in terms of longevity has changed over time. The chart below shows gender-based and female-specific life expectancy when they were born in the US in the years 1790-2014. Two points stand out.

First, كيفية ممارسة العلاقة الزوجية فى الاسلام [] there's an upward trend. Men as well as women in the US have a much longer life span longer than they did 100 years ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

Second, the gap is increasing: While the advantage of women in life expectancy was quite small, it has increased substantially over time.

If you select the option "Change country' on the chart, you can verify that these two points are also applicable to other countries that have available information: Sweden, France and the UK.