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Why women are more likely to live longer than men?

Shawnee Kiley (2022-04-20)

Everywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. What's the main reason women live longer than men? What is the reason the advantage has grown over time? We only have a few clues and the evidence isn't strong enough to make a definitive conclusion. We are aware that behavioral, biological and environmental factors play a role in the fact that women live longer than men; However, ماذا يحدث بين الزوجين في الحمام بالصور we're not sure how significant the impact to each of these variables is.

It is known that women live longer than men, regardless of their weight. But it is not because of certain biological or non-biological factors have changed. These variables are evolving. Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Others are more complicated. For example, ماذا يحدث بين الزوجين في الحمام بالصور there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. It is clear that every country is over the diagonal line of parity. This means that a newborn girl in all countries can expect to live longer than her younger brother.

This chart shows that, although there is a women's advantage throughout the world, the differences between countries can be substantial. In Russia women are 10 years older than men, while in Bhutan the difference is less than half an hour.

In rich countries the advantage of women in longevity was smaller
Let's now look at the way that female advantages in longevity has changed with time. The following chart shows the male and female life expectancies at birth in the US in the years 1790 to 2014. Two aspects stand out.

First, there is an upward trend. Men and women in the US live a lot, much longer today than a century ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

The gap is growing: Although the advantage of women in terms of life expectancy was tiny however, it has grown significantly over time.

By selecting 'Change Country in the chart, you can determine if these two points are applicable to the other countries having available information: Sweden, France and the UK.