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Why do women have longer lives than men?

Roma Glaze (2022-04-20)

Everywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. What's the main reason women have a longer life span than men? And كيفية ممارسة العلاقة الزوجية فى الاسلام how the advantage has grown in the past? The evidence is sketchy and we're only able to provide limited answers. We recognize that biological, behavioral and environmental factors contribute to the fact that women are healthier than men; However, we're not sure how significant the impact of each factor is.

In spite of the amount, we can say that at a minimum, the reason why women live longer than men in the present and not in the past, has to relate to the fact that several fundamental non-biological factors have changed. What are these factors that have changed? Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. There are others that are more intricate. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for كيفية ممارسة العلاقة الزوجية فى الاسلام men and women. As you can see, every country is above the diagonal line of parity - which means that in every country that a baby girl can be expected to live for longer than a new boy.1

This chart shows that, while there is a female advantage throughout the world, the differences between countries can be significant. In Russia women are 10 years older than males; while in Bhutan the difference is just half an hour.

The female advantage in terms of life expectancy was lower in countries with higher incomes than it is now.
Let's look at how the advantage of women in longevity has changed over time. The chart below shows male and female life expectancy at the birth in the US in the years 1790 until 2014. Two points stand out.

The first is that there is an upward trend. as well as women in the US live a lot, much longer today than a century ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

The gap is increasing: While the advantage of women in terms of life expectancy was very small but it has risen significantly over time.

Using the option 'Change country' on the chart, you will be able to confirm that the two points apply to the other countries having available information: Sweden, France and the UK.