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Why women are more likely to live longer than men?

Lona Talbott (2022-04-19)

1 month agoEverywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. What's the reason women have a longer life span than men? And why has this advantage gotten larger in the past? There is only limited evidence and the evidence is not sufficient to support an unambiguous conclusion. Although we know that there are biological, behavioral as well as environmental factors that play an integral role in women's longevity more than men, we don't know what percentage each factor plays in.

In spite of how much weight, كيفية إقامة علاقة بالصور we know that a large portion of the reason women live so much longer than men however not as previously, is to be due to the fact that certain important non-biological aspects have changed. What are the factors that are changing? Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. There are others that are more intricate. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. As you can see, all countries are above the diagonal parity line ; this means in all countries baby girls can expect to live longer than a new boy.1

This chart shows that, although women have an advantage across all countries, differences between countries could be significant. In Russia women have an average of 10 years more than men; in Bhutan the difference is just half each year.

The advantage for كيفية إقامة علاقة بالصور women in terms of life expectancy was lower in countries with higher incomes than it is now.
Let's look at the way that female advantages in longevity has changed with time. The chart below illustrates the male and female life expectancy at birth in the US between 1790 to 2014. Two distinct features stand out.

The first is that there is an upward trend. Women and men in America live longer than they used to a century ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

There is an increasing gap: The female advantage in terms of life expectancy used to be very small, but it grew substantially in the past century.

If you select the option "Change country' on the chart, verify that these two points are also applicable to other countries with available data: Sweden, France and the UK.