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Why women are more likely to live longer than men?

Vanita Graves (2022-04-19)


Everywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. What is the reason women live longer than men? And how is this difference growing in the past? There isn't much evidence and we're only able to provide limited answers. We are aware that behavioral, biological and environmental factors all play a role in the fact that women live longer than men; however, we do not know how significant the impact of each of these factors is.

In spite of how much amount of weight, we are aware that at least part of the reason why women live longer than men do today however not as previously, is to do with the fact that several significant non-biological elements have changed. What are these factors that have changed? Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. There are others that are more intricate. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for علامات الحمل بولد men and women. As you can see, every country is above the diagonal parity line , it means that in all nations the newborn girl is likely to live for longer than a new boy.1

This chart illustrates that, although there is a women's advantage everywhere, cross-country differences could be significant. In Russia women live 10 years more than men. In Bhutan the gap is less that half a year.

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In countries with high incomes, the women's advantage in longevity was not as great.
Let's look at how female longevity advantage has changed over time. The following chart shows the male and female life expectancy at birth in the US from 1790 until 2014. Two points stand out.

First, علامات الحمل بولد there is an upward trend. Women and men in America live longer than they were 100 years ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

Second, the gap is getting wider: Although the advantage of women in life expectancy was once extremely small, it has increased substantially over time.

You can check if these are applicable to other countries that have data by clicking the "Change country" option on the chart. This includes the UK, France, and Sweden.