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Why do women live longer than men?

Tawanna Cates (2022-04-19)


Everywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. Why do women live so longer than men and why has this advantage increased in the past? There is only limited evidence and the evidence is not sufficient to support a definitive conclusion. We are aware that behavioral, biological and environmental factors contribute to the fact that women are healthier than men; However, we're not sure what the contribution of each one of these factors is.

In spite of how much amount of weight, we are aware that a large portion of the reason women live so much longer than men however not as in the past, is to relate to the fact that some significant non-biological elements have changed. The factors changing are numerous. Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. There are other issues that are more intricate. For كيفية إقامة علاقة بالصور example, كيفية إقامة علاقة بالصور there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. It is clear that all countries are over the diagonal line of parity. This means that a newborn girl from any country can be expected to live for longer than her brothers.

This graph shows that while there is a female advantage throughout the world, the differences between countries can be substantial. In Russia women are 10 years older than men. In Bhutan the difference is just half each year.

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The advantage women had in terms of life expectancy was lower in countries with higher incomes than it is now.
Let's see how the female longevity advantage has changed over time. The next chart compares male and female life expectancies when they were born in the US from 1790 to 2014. Two points stand out.

There is an upward trend. and women in the US are living much, much longer today than a century ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

Second, the gap is getting wider: Although the female advantage in life expectancy used to be tiny It has significantly increased over time.

It is possible to verify that these are applicable to other countries with data by clicking the "Change country" option in the chart. This includes the UK, France, and Sweden.