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Why do women live longer than men?

Minda Commons (2022-04-19)

Everywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. What's the reason why women are more likely to live longer than men? And why is this difference growing in the past? The evidence is sketchy and افضل شامبو وبلسم we're only able to provide some answers. We know there are behavioral, biological and environmental variables which all play a part in women's longevity more than men, we do not know what percentage each factor plays in.

We know that women live longer than males, regardless of weight. However this isn't due to the fact that certain non-biological aspects have changed. What are these factors that have changed? Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Some are more complex. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for افضل شامبو وبلسم,, men and women. It is clear that all countries are over the line of parity diagonally. This means that a newborn girl in every country can anticipate to live longer than her brothers.

It is interesting to note that, while the advantage for women is present everywhere, difference between countries is huge. In Russia women live 10 years more than men. In Bhutan the difference is less that half a year.

The advantage women had in terms of life expectancy was lower in countries with higher incomes than it is now.
We will now examine how the female advantage in longevity has changed with time. The chart below shows gender-based and female-specific life expectancy at the birth in the US between 1790-2014. Two aspects stand out.

There is an upward trend. Men and women in America have longer lives than they did a century ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

Second, the gap is increasing: While the advantage of women in life expectancy was very small It has significantly increased over time.

By selecting 'Change Country' on the chart, you will be able to verify that these two points also apply to other countries with available information: Sweden, France and the UK.