Комментарии читателей

Why do women live longer than men?

Sienna Wunderly (2022-04-19)

Everywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. What makes women live more than men do today, and why have these advantages gotten bigger in the past? We only have partial evidence and the evidence isn't strong enough to make a definitive conclusion. We know there are behavioral, كيفية ممارسة العلاقة الزوجية فى الاسلام ( biological and environmental factors that all play a role in women's longevity more than males, we aren't sure how much each factor contributes.

tafsiribnukatsirmuhaqqoq001-110113010227It is known that women live longer than men, regardless of their weight. But, this is not because of certain non-biological aspects have changed. The factors changing are numerous. Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. There are other issues that are more intricate. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. As you can see, كيفية ممارسة العلاقة الزوجية فى الاسلام all countries are above the diagonal parity line - this means in all countries that a baby girl can be expected to live longer than a new boy.1

This chart illustrates that, although there is a women's advantage throughout the world, the differences between countries are often significant. In Russia, women live 10 years more than men. In Bhutan, the difference is less than half a calendar year.

The female advantage in life expectancy was much lower in rich countries that it is today.
Let's look at how the gender advantage in terms of longevity has changed over time. The chart below shows gender-based and female-specific life expectancy at birth in the US between 1790 to 2014. Two specific points stand out.

There is an upward trend. Both genders living in America are living longer than they used to a century ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

Second, the gap is widening: While the advantage of women in life expectancy was once very small, it has increased substantially in the past.

It is possible to verify that these points are also applicable to other countries with data by selecting the "Change country" option in the chart. This includes the UK, France, and Sweden.