Комментарии читателей

Why women are more likely to live longer than men?

Ferne Sisk (2022-04-19)

3 years agoEverywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. What's the reason women have a longer life span than men? And why is this difference growing as time passes? The evidence is sketchy and we're only able to provide incomplete solutions. Although we know that there are biological, behavioral as well as environmental factors that all play a role in women who live longer than men, we do not know how much each one contributes.

It is known that women live longer than males, regardless of weight. However, this is not due to the fact that certain biological factors have changed. What are the factors that are changing? Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Other are more complicated. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. As you can see, every country is above the diagonal parity line , it means that in all nations baby girls can expect to live longer than a newborn boy.1

This chart is interesting in that it shows that while the female advantage exists in all countries, difference between countries is huge. In Russia, women live for 10 years longer than men. In Bhutan the difference is only half a year.

The advantage for افضل كريم للشعر women in life expectancy was smaller in countries with higher incomes as compared to the present.
We will now examine how the advantage of women in terms of longevity has changed over time. The following chart shows the life expectancy of males and females at birth in the US between 1790 and 2014. Two areas stand out.

There is an upward trend. Both men and women in the US live a lot, much longer today than a century ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

Second, there's an ever-widening gap: افضل كريم للشعر female advantage in life expectancy used be quite small however it increased dramatically during the last century.

By selecting 'Change Country from the chart, you can confirm that the two points apply to other countries that have available information: Sweden, France and the UK.