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Why do women live longer than men?

Sheryl Rene (2022-04-18)

1 year agoEverywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. What's the reason why women have a longer life span than men? And العاب زوجية how the advantage has grown in the past? We have only a small amount of evidence and the evidence is not sufficient to support an unambiguous conclusion. We are aware that behavioral, biological and environmental factors all play a role in the fact that women have longer life spans than men, However, we're not sure how much the influence of each one of these factors is.

We have learned that women are living longer than men, regardless of their weight. However this isn't due to the fact that certain biological factors have changed. These variables are evolving. Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Certain are more complicated. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. As you can see, every country is above the diagonal line of parity - this means that in all countries the newborn girl is likely to live longer than a newborn boy.1

This chart illustrates that, while there is a female advantage everywhere, cross-country differences could be significant. In Russia women live 10 years longer than men. In Bhutan there is a difference of less than half a calendar year.

In countries with high incomes, the women's advantage in longevity was previously smaller.
We will now examine how the gender advantage in longevity has changed over time. The following chart shows the gender-based and female-specific life expectancy at the birth in the US between 1790 to 2014. Two distinct points stand out.

There is an upward trend. Women and men living in America are living longer than they did 100 years ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

The second is that there is an increase in the gap between men and women: female advantage in terms of life expectancy used be very modest however, it has increased significantly over the last century.

By selecting 'Change Country by country' in the chart, you will be able to confirm that the two points apply to the other countries with available data: العاب زوجية Sweden, France and the UK.