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Why do women have longer lives than men?

Vilma Santora (2022-04-18)

Everywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. Why do women live longer than men in the present and كيفية ممارسة العلاقة الزوجية فى الاسلام how does this benefit increase over time? We have only a small amount of evidence and the evidence is not sufficient to draw an informed conclusion. Although we know that there are behavioral, biological and environmental variables that all play a role in women living longer than men, we do not know how much each factor contributes.

32455078503_f790d6a32f.jpgIt is known that women are living longer than men, regardless of their weight. However this is not due to the fact that certain non-biological factors have changed. The factors changing are numerous. Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Some are more complex. For example, كيفية ممارسة العلاقة الزوجية فى الاسلام there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. As you can see, all countries are above the diagonal parity line ; this means that in all countries baby girls can expect to live for longer than a new boy.1

This chart shows that, although there is a women's advantage across all countries, differences between countries could be significant. In Russia women have an average of 10 years more than men, while in Bhutan the difference is less than half each year.

The advantage for women in life expectancy was smaller in developed countries that it is today.
We will now examine how the female advantage in life expectancy has changed over time. The next chart compares the life expectancy of males and females at birth in the US over the period 1790-2014. Two specific points stand out.

First, there's an upward trend: Men as well as women in the US have a much longer life span longer today than a century ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

The gap is increasing: While the female advantage in terms of life expectancy was very small It has significantly increased with time.

You can confirm that these principles are also applicable to other countries with data by clicking on the "Change country" option on the chart. This includes the UK, France, and Sweden.