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Why do women live longer than men?

Jett Alvarado (2022-04-18)

tafsiribnukatsirmuhaqqoq001b-11011501514Everywhere in the world women live longer than men - but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn't live longer than men in the 19th century. What's the reason why women live longer than men? And why is this difference growing over time? There isn't much evidence and we have only some answers. We know that behavioral, biological and environmental factors all play a role in the fact that women have longer life spans than men, however, we do not know how much the influence to each of these variables is.

In spite of how much number of pounds, we know that a large portion of the reason why women live longer than men do today however not as in the past, has to relate to the fact that several key non-biological factors have changed. The factors changing are numerous. Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Others are more complex. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women's longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men
The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. As you can see, all countries are above the diagonal line of parity - which means that in every country the newborn girl is likely to live longer than a newborn boy.1

Interestingly, this chart shows that, while the advantage for women exists everywhere, تحاميل مهبلية the difference between countries is huge. In Russia women live for 10 years longer than men. In Bhutan the gap is less than half a calendar year.

In wealthy countries, the advantage of women in longevity was smaller
We will now examine how the advantage of women in longevity has changed with time. The next chart shows the male and female lifespans at birth in the US during the time period between 1790 and 2014. Two areas stand تحاميل مهبلية out.

First, there's an upward trend. and women in the US live much, much longer today than a century ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

The gap is increasing: While the female advantage in life expectancy used to be quite small but it has risen significantly in the past.

When you click on the option "Change country from the chart, you will be able to confirm that the two points are applicable to the other countries with available information: Sweden, France and the UK.